The Common House Gecko, scientific name Hemidactylus frenatus, is a native of southeastern Asia. It is also known as the Pacific house gecko, the Asian house gecko, or simply, the house lizard. They can be seen climbing walls of houses and other buildings in search of insects attracted to porch lights, hence their name. Spread around the world by ships, these geckos are now common in the southern half of the United States, large parts of tropical and sub-tropical Australia, and many other countries in South and Central America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. They grow to a length of between three to six inches (about 7.5–15 cm), and live for about five years.

A tropical gecko, Hemidactylus frenatus thrives in warm, humid areas where it can crawl around on rotting wood in search of the insects it eats. The animal is very adaptable and may prey on insects and spiders, displacing other reptiles.

Like many geckos, this species can lose its tail when alarmed. Its call or chirp rather resembles the sound “gecko, gecko”. However, this is an interpretation, and the sound may also be described as “tchak tchak tchak” (often sounded three times in sequence). In Asia/South East Asia, notably Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia, geckos have local names onomatopoetically derived from the sounds they make: Hemidactylus frenatusis called “chee chak” [2] or “chi chak” (pr: chee chuck), said quickly. Also commonly spelled as “cicak” in Malay dictionaries. In the Philippines they are called “butiki” in Tagalog, or “tiki” in Visayan, and in Thailand “jing-jok” (Thai: จิ้งจก). In India and Pakistan they are called “chhipkali”(Urdu:چہپکلی).

Size – House geckos are very small animals, adults can range in size from about 3 inches to up to 5 inches.

Housing – A 20 gallon will house a single gecko or a pair, a vertical tank is generally better than a horizontal ones because House geckos climb so much. Be sure to provide places for climbing such as branches or plants as well as above ground and on-ground hiding spots where the gecko can go to when they feel threatened. Non-toxic plants are great for creating hiding spots and for collecting water from misting. Never, ever put more than one male in one tank. Also never put a male and female unless you are ready to care for the eggs which you most likely aren’t unless you have kept geckos in the past. For a child or a beginning house gecko keeper one gecko is the best.

Substrate – Use pelleted or mulch-type unless the geckos eat the substrate in which case you should either use an edible substrate or something that they cannot eat such as newspaper or a special carpet for reptile cages. It is important to do this because eating the substrate can cause serious injury to the gecko and its digestive system.

Temperature – Day time  temperature should be from75 degrees F to 88 degrees F under the basking light. At night 70 degrees F. Humidity of about 65% should be maintained in the habitat at all times  this can be achieved by regularly misting. We Recommend radiant heat; use an incandescent light or ceramic heater as primary heat source Lighting. Provide fluorescent light for 10 to 12 hours a day; incandescent bulb is needed for basking area if not using a ceramic heater.

Water - Although you may want to provide a small bowl that the gecko can’t fall into it is also important to mist the tank to maintain humidity and always the gecko to drink off of leaves and sides of the tank.

Lighting – Provide fluorescent light for 10 to 12 hours a day; incandescent bulb is needed for basking area of about eighty-five degrees F and this can be achieved with a clamp lamp using a sixty watt bulb.

Feeding - Young House Geckos must be fed every day. When they reach adulthood every other day is a sufficient feeding schedule. A proper diet for a house gecko consists of a variety of insects which include small crickets, mealworms and wax worms. These insects should gut-loaded with supplements that can be bought either from a pet store or online. They can be quite expensive but are worth it for the health of your gecko. It is also important to provide a vitamin and calcium supplement. These are generally daily or weekly but be sure to read the instructions on the supplement for full instructions.

 

 

German cockroach (Blattella germanica) is a small species of cockroach  measuring about 1.3 cm (0.51 in) to 1.6 cm (0.63 in) long; however, they are known to get bigger. It can be tan through brown to almost black, and has two dark parallel streaks running from the head to the base of the wings. Although it has wings, it is unable to sustain flight. The German cockroach is the number 1 roach in the World, and can be found throughout many human settlements. These insects are particularly associated with restaurants, food processing facilities, hotels, and nursing homes. In colder climates, they are found only near human habitats, since they are not very tolerant to cold. However German cockroaches have been found as far north alert, Nunavut . The German cockroach is originally from, Africa it is very closely related to the, Asian cockroaches  and to the casual observer they appear nearly identical and may be mistaken for the other. This cockroach can be seen in the day occasionally, especially if there is a large population or if they have been disturbed. However, sightings are most commonly reported in the evening hours as they are most active at night. This type of cockroach can emit an unpleasant odor when excited or frightened.

Scientific classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Blattodea
Family:Blattellidae
Genus:Blattella
Species:B. germanica

The German cockroach  is very successful at establishing an ecological niche in buildings, and is very hardy and resilient against attempts at pest control. This is because of the large number of nymphs produced from each egg case, the short period between birth and sexual maturity, and their ability to easily hide due to their small size. The mother also carries the egg case (called an ootheca) with her during the germination period, rather than depositing it like other species, a practice which would leave them vulnerable in a human habitat to zealous attempts to wipe them out. This cockroach is also smaller than many other species so it can more easily hide and fit into very small cracks and crevices to evade humans. That is also the main reason they can most effectively be controlled with bait in cracks and crevices near harborages. These type of pest control methods should kill 95% of the overall population in a property due to their fast reproductive cycles. The German cockroach, discounting the presence of pets, has few natural predators inside a human habitat. The German cockroach’s thigmotactic nature compounds the difficulty of pest control treatment. The immature cockroaches will live off excretions and moults from the adult cockroaches and thus can remain hidden away from most surface treatments.

The German cockroach is omnivorous and a scavenger. They particularly like starch, sugary foods, grease and meats. In certain situations where there is a shortage of foodstuffs, they may eat household items such as soap, glue and toothpaste or they may even turn cannibalistic, often chewing on the wings and legs of each other.

American cockroach

 

American Cockroach

Scientific classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Blattaria
Family:Blattidae
Genus:Periplaneta
Species:P. americana

The American cockroach (Periplaneta americana), also known as the waterbug, or misidentified as the palmetto bug  is the largest species of common cockroach, and often considered a pest. None of the Periplaneta species are endemic  to the Americas ; despite the name, P. americana was introduced  to the United States from Africa  as early as 1625. They are now common in tropical  climates because human activity has extended the insect’s range of habitation, and global shipping  has transported the insects to world ports including the United states , southern Spain, Greece , Taiwan , and cape town  and Durban , South  Africa .

Characteristics

American cockroach adults grow to an average length of around 4 centimeters (1.6 in) and about 7 millimeters (0.28 in) tall. They are reddish brown and have a yellowish margin on the body region behind the head. Immature cockroaches resemble adults except that they are wingless.

The insect can travel quickly, often darting out of sight when someone enters a room, and can fit into small cracks and under doors despite its fairly large size. It is considered one of the fastest running insects.

It has a pair of large compound eyes each having over 2000 individual lenses, and is a very active night insect that shuns light.

 Habitat

American cockroaches generally live in moist areas, but can survive in dry areas if they have access to water. They prefer warm temperatures around 29 °C (84 °F) and do not tolerate cold temperatures. In residential areas, these cockroaches live in basements and sewers, and may move outdoors into yards during warm weather. These cockroaches are common in basements, crawl spaces, cracks and crevices of porches, foundations, and walkways adjacent to buildings.

The American cockroach is a scavenger that feeds on decaying organic matter and a variety of other foods. It is particularly fond of fermenting foods.

 Life cycle

Females produce an egg case called an ootheca which protrudes from the tip of the abdomen. After about two days, the egg cases are placed on a surface in a safe location. Egg cases are about 0.9 centimeters (0.35 in) long, brown, and purse shaped. Immature cockroaches emerge from egg cases in 6 to 8 weeks and require 6 to 12 months to mature. Adult cockroaches can live up to one year, during which females produce an average of 150 young.

Control

Due to their large size and slow development, large infestations of these insects are not common within houses. However, during certain times of the year, these cockroaches may move inside a house from outside. In cold weather these cockroaches may move indoors, seeking warmer temperatures and food. Cockroaches may enter houses through sewer connections, under doors, around plumbing, air ducts, or other openings in the foundation. Cockroach populations may be controlled through the use of insecticides.

 

Oriental cockroach/ Blatta orientalis

Oriental cockroach

Scientific classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Blattodea
Family:Blattidae
Genus:Blatta
Species:B. orientalis

The oriental cockroach (also known as: waterbug and Blatta orientalis) is a large species of cockroach, measuring about 1 in (2.5 cm) in length at maturity. It is dark brown to black in colour and has a glossy body. The female Oriental cockroach has a somewhat different appearance to the male, appearing to be wingless at casual glance but has two very short and useless wings just below her head. She has a wider body than the male. The male has long wings, which cover a majority of his body and are brown in colour, and has a more narrow body. The odd male is capable of very short flights, ranging about 2 to 3 meters. The female oriental cockroach looks somewhat similar to the Florida woods cockroach, and may be mistaken for it.

Habitat

The oriental cockroach tends to travel somewhat more slowly than other species. They are often called “waterbugs” since they prefer dark, moist places. They can often be found around decaying organic matter, and in sewers, drains, damp basements, porches, and other damp locations. They can be found outside in bushes, under leaf groundcover, under mulch, and around other damp places outdoors. It is a major household pest in parts of the northwest, mid-west, and southern United States.

Adaptation

In order to thrive, cockroaches need a place to hide. They prefer warm places and a relatively high humidity if possible; they also need a source of food/liquid. The optimum temperature for oriental cockroaches is between 20 °C (68 °F) to 29 °C (84 °F). Female oriental cockroaches have vestigial tegmina (reduced forewings) and males have longer tegmina. Cockroaches are mainly nocturnal. Oriental cockroaches can be elusive in that a casual inspection of an infested dwelling during the day may show no signs of roach activity.

Distinction

Signs of cockroaches are their oothecae, which are “egg cases” containing up to 16 individual eggs in the case of oriental cockroaches. These oothecae are dropped by females and hatch on their own in about two months. Oriental cockroaches can be harder to get rid of than other roaches. Although adults can be fairly easily killed by the application of residual insecticide, the insecticides can get washed away, and two months later females can hatch new nymphs.

Brown- banded cockroach

Scientific classification

Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Blattodea
Family:Blattellidae
Genus:Supella
Species:S. longipalpa

 

The brown-banded cockroach, Supella longipalpa, is a small species of cockroach, measuring about ⅝ in (10 to 14;mm) long. It is tan to light brown. It has two light-colored bands across the wings and abdomen, they may sometimes appear to be broken or irregular but are quite noticeable. The bands may be partly obscured by the wings. The male has wings that cover the abdomen, while the female has wings that do not cover the abdomen completely. The male appears more slender than the female, the female appears wider.

The brown-banded cockroach has a fairly wide distribution, being found in the northeastern, southern, and midwest regions of the United States quite commonly. They are one of the most recent alien cockroaches to form breeding colonies in Britain and Ireland. They need less moisture than the German cockroach so they tend to be more broadly distributed in the home, such as in living rooms and bedrooms. They can often be found in homes and apartments, but are less common in restaurants. They tend not to be found in the daytime, since they avoid light.

The brown-banded cockroach eats a wide variety of items. Cockroaches are usually scavengers, and thus can eat a wide array of items, often almost anything organic, including decaying matter. It has been known to cause problems in hospitals by emerging at night to feed on bodily fluids, thereby risking cross-infection.

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ANTS

1

Like all insects, ants have six legs. Each leg has three joints. The legs of the ant are very strong so they can run very quickly. If a man could run as fast for his size as an ant can, he could run as fast as a racehorse. Ants can lift 20 times their own body weight. An ant brain has about 250 000 brain cells. A human brain has 10,000 million so a colony of 40,000 ants has collectively the same size brain as a human.

2

The average life expectancy of an ant is 45-60 days. Ants use their antenae not only for touch, but also for their sense of smell. The head of the ant has a pair of large, strong jaws. The jaws open and shut sideways like a pair of scissors. Adult ants cannot chew and swallow solid food. Instead they swallow the juice which they squeeze from pieces of food. They throw away the dry part that is left over. The ant has two eyes, each eye is made of many smaller eyes.

3

They are called compound eyes. The abdomen of the ant contains two stomachs. One stomach holds the food for itself and second stomach is for food to be shared with other ants. Like all insects, the outside of their body is covered with a hard armour this is called the exoskeleton. Ants have four distinct growing stages, the egg, larva, pupa and the adult. Biologists classify ants as a special group of wasps. (Hymenoptera Formicidae) There are over 10000 known species of ants. Each ant colony has at least one or more queens.

4

The job of the queen is to lay eggs which the worker ants look after. Worker ants are sterile, they look for food, look after the young, and defend the nest from unwanted visitors. Ants are clean and tidy insects. Some worker ants are given the job of taking the rubbish from the nest and putting it outside in a special rubbish dump! Each colony of ants has its own smell. In this way, intruders can be recognized immediately. Many ants such as the common Red species have a sting which they use to defend their nest.

5

The common Black Ants and Wood Ants have no sting, but they can squirt a spray of formic acid. Some birds put ants in their feathers because the ants squirt formic acid which gets rid of the parasites. The Slave-Maker Ant (Polyergus Rufescens) raids the nests of other ants and steals their pupae. When these new ants hatch,they work as slaves within the colony. The worker ants keep the eggs and larvae in different groups according to ages.

6

At night the worker ants move the eggs and larvae deep into the nest to protect them from the cold. During the daytime, the worker ants move the eggs and larvae of the colony to the top of the nest so that they can be warmer. If a worker ant has found a good source for food, it leaves a trail of scent so that the other ants in the colony can find the food. Army Ants are nomadic and they are always moving. They carry their larvae and their eggs with them in a long column.

7

The Army Ant (Ecitron Burchelli) of South America, can have as many as 700,000 members in its colony. The Leaf Cutter Ants are farmers. They cut out pieces of leaves which they take back to their nests. They chew them into a pulp and a special fungus grows it. Ants cannot digest leaves because they cannot digest cellulose. Many people think ants are a pest but I like them. To stop them coming into my kitchen I put some sugar outside. They they have so much to eat that they are not interested in coming into my kitchen.

 

 

 

Rodents (Rats and Mice)
Rodents can cause major damage to homes and businesses. Stored food can become infected because rodents devour the food or contaminate it with their urine, faeces and hair. Rodents play a major role in the transmission of deadly diseases (bubonic plaque, salmonella food poisoning, murine typhus fever, weil’s disease, trichinosis and various other diseases). Also, rodents can destroy homes by gnawing through everything from buildings, furniture, books, equipment and machinery. Black Rodent box attractive for rats for  solution to your rodent problem.

 

 

Get Pest Control Services in Goa ,  Karnataka and Kolhapur at affordable prices. Our unique pest control services covers Goa , Karnataka and Kolhapur   hence you can contact us to get the pest control services anywhere in Goa,manga lore and Kolhapur  . Looking for pest control in your hotel or house or factory ,even in agricultural farm, our pest control services can provide you unmatched quality services in Goa , Karnataka and Kolhapur.

Termite Control Pre or Post construction site  is one of our specialty services in our pest control services offered at best prices in Goa , Karnataka and Kolhapur . Chemical Spay , Destruction of infected plants and other unique pest control is provided by our pest control services in Panaji – Goa. Contact us today to get cheapest quote on pest control in Goa or any other location in Karnataka and Kolhapur .

 

 

Now getting pest control services in you premises is just a phone call away. Get Termite Control Services and save your wooden structures, agricultural products and all other things infested  from termites. Termites grow exponentially and our pest control services can help you to get rid off termites in your hotel, house , building , store rooms or any other place at which termites are growing. Our pest control services can also help you to get rid off bed bugs and save you sleepless nights. Bed Bugs can survive number of days without eating anything and they keep on multiplying. Get rid of bed bugs with the help of our pest control services today.

Mosquitoes Control Service is also offered by our pest control service. Mosquitoes are definitely not a wanted insect in any house as they bite, suck blood and give you a swollen skin. They can also spread diseases really easily and are found wherever water is present in open or even in agricultural farms. get rid off mosquitoes in your house or any other type of real estate in Goa , Karnataka and Kohapur by availing our pest control services.

Our comprehensive Services can help you get rid off cockroaches  almost all types of unwanted pests including mosquitoes, birds, bed bugs, termite, house fly and other unwanted pests growing in your own household and give you sleepless nights or even diseases. Contact Us today and let our pest control inspector visit your premises and give you the best pest control services in Goa , Karnataka and Kohapur .

 

 

Even though Spiders are not considered as insects, however many times an appropriate pest control service is required to get rid of spiders in your premises. Our Pest Control Services in Goa can get your premises rid off spiders. Getting rid off spiders can save you from fear, can save you from spider bites, get your walls look clean. Spiders normally create web at cool corners of walls and they grow at a really fast rate. As Spiders catch insects in their web and they also use the web to live there, lots of spider web on walls can make the wall really dirty and unpleasant.

Our trained professionals can analyst your building , shop or any other type of premises and can help you to get rid off spiders. Our Pest Control Professionals can even help you to get rid off other pests that your premises might be having. As Spiders create web to catch prey and to live in it as well, our professionals can suggest the best possible solution so that your premises remain clean , healthy and pest free.

 

 

 

 

Although Birds are not considered as pests, still various birds such as pigeons can seriously create nuisance in homes. Various health diseases can have been associated with nesting and roosting of various birds.

We offer professional birds prevention service and solution so that birds do not roost or nest at your premises. Our Pest Control Professionals are equipped with latest systems including Bird Net, Bird Wires and even Bird Spikes to prevent birds like pigeon, etc to pile up at your house / building and taking into consideration that no birds are harmed in our bird prevention service in Goa.

 

 

 
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